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Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India
Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India
Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India
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Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India
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Lever Transplant Surgery in Chennai
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Liver Transplant in India

A liver transplant is an operation that replaces a patient's diseased liver with a whole or partial healthy liver from another person. This article explains the current indications for liver transplantation, types of donor livers, the operation itself, and the immunosuppression that is required after transplantation.

Liver transplantation surgically replaces a failing or diseased liver with one that is normal and healthy. At this time, transplantation is the only cure for liver insufficiency or liver failure because no device or machine reliably performs all of the functions of the liver. People who require liver transplants typically have one of the following conditions.

Blood enters the liver from two channels, the hepatic artery and the portal vein, bringing nutrients and oxygen to liver cells, also known as hepatocytes, and bile ducts. Blood leaves the liver via the hepatic veins which drain into the inferior vena cava which immediately enters the heart. The liver makes bile, a liquid that helps dissolve fat and eliminate metabolic waste and toxins via the intestine. Each hepatocyte creates bile and excretes it into microscopic channels that join to form bile ducts. Like tributaries joining to form a river, the bile ducts join to form a single "hepatic duct" that brings bile into the intestine.

Who Needs a Liver transplant?
Acute liver failure, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, occurs when a previously healthy liver suffers massive injury resulting in clinical signs and symptoms of liver insufficiency. Any number of things can lead to acute liver failure but the most common causes are acetaminophen (TylenolŪ) overdose, viral infections (known or yet unknown virus), ingestion of a toxin such as poisonous mushrooms, or an idiosyncratic drug reaction.
Chronic liver failure : The liver has a remarkable ability to repair itself in response to injury. Nevertheless, repeated injury and repair, typically over many years and even decades, scars the liver permanently. The end stage of scarring is termed cirrhosis and corresponds to the point where the liver can no longer repair itself. Once a person has cirrhosis, he or she may begin to show signs of inadequate liver function. This is termed "decompensated liver disease." Although medications can decrease the symptoms caused by the liver failure, liver transplantation represents the only permanent cure.

Signs and Symptoms of Decompensated Liver Disease

  •   Gastrointestinal bleeding: As the liver becomes increasingly scarred, the resistance to portal blood flow increases leading to increased pressure in the portal venous system. This portal hypertension necessitates alternative routes for blood to return to the heart. Small veins throughout the abdomen, but outside of the liver, then become enlarged and thin-walled due to the abnormally high amount of blood flowing through them under increased pressure. These fragile veins, called varices, often line portions of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the esophagus and the stomach, and are prone to rupture and bleeding. When bleeding occurs into the intestinal tract, it can be life-threatening.
  •   Fluid retention: One function of the liver is to synthesize many of the proteins circulating in the bloodstream, including albumin. Albumin and other proteins in the blood stream retain fluid in the vascular space by exerting what is known as an oncotic (or osmotic) pressure. In liver failure, low albumin levels force fluid out of the bloodstream, which cannot be re-absorbed. Fluid therefore accumulates in tissues and body cavities, most commonly, in the abdominal cavity, which is termed "ascites." Fluid can also accumulate in the legs (peripheral or pedal edema), or in the chest cavity (hydrothorax). Fluid retention is treated first by strict limitation of dietary salt intake, second with medications (diuretics) that force increased salt and water loss through the kidneys and, lastly, by intermittent drainage through insertion of a needle into the abdominal or chest cavity.
  •   Encephalopathy: Failure of the liver to clear ammonia and other toxins from the blood allows these substances to accumulate. These toxins result in cognitive dysfunction that ranges from disturbed sleep-wake cycle patterns to mild confusion to coma.
  • Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India
    Our Process we undertake Care


    Cost Estimation

    Cost and Guidelines to follow

    Medical Evaluation

    By Selected Surgeon

    Arrival In India

    Comfortable Stay and Food

    Pre-Operative Consultation

    with Specliased Surgeon


    Surgery updates to the dependant

    Recupriation and Recovery

    After Surgery Care and Help

    Dr. V Chandrasekaran

    Senior Nephrologist - Transplant Immunology, Kidney transplantation,Hemodialysis,CRRT,Peritoneal dialysis.

    Dr. V Chandrasekaran is a nephrologist empanelled at the Billroth Hospital in Chennai.

    After his graduation he completed his MD in internal medicine after which he specialised in nephrology by obtaining his DNB and DM in nephrology. Dr. Chandrasekaran is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases the common treatment undertaken by him include kidney transplantation kidney stones nephrotic syndrome diabetes and kidney renal transplantation chronic renal failure urinary tract infection and kidney diseases.

    Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India


    Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India
    Venus Medi Tour - Medical Tourism Company in Chennai, India